Of the many discoveries in the health sector, there are several discoveries about important medicine that have been very useful to date. The discovery of these medicines was essential because they were successful in overcoming medical problems in large numbers of patients. They were a milestone in the discovery of other drugs, which have similar functions and mechanisms.
The discovery of the penicillin antibiotic is an important medicine in the history of health. The discovery of penicillin was an early milestone in the use of antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. Before penicillin was discovered, the death rate from infectious diseases was very high. With the discovery of penicillin, the death rate from infection was reduced. Besides, this discovery led to the discovery of other antimicrobial molecules. This crucial discovery also has a unique story. Penicillin discovery was accidental. Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928 discovered a non-fungus area in his Penicillium mushroom culture in the laboratory after he left the lab for two weeks on vacation. As a scientist, he isolated compounds in that space and found that these compounds had an antibacterial effect, which he named penicillin.
The second important medicine is Aspirin. Aspirin is one of the most widely used analgesic medicines, or it is commonly called pain killers around the world. The discovery of Aspirin is crucial because it is the way to start the discovery of other pain-reducing drugs. Aspirin was originally derived from the compound salicin, which is extracted from willow bark (willow or willow) by Joseph Buchner, a pharmacist from Munich University.
In 1897, scientists working for the drug company Bayer in Germany patented the process of adding an acetyl group to salicin to make it less irritating. Then Bayer named this compound as Aspirin. Since its introduction to the market as a pain reliever, it has gained immense popularity. Even in 1950, Aspirin was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the most widely used analgesic. Aspirin is an unusual medicinal compound because after going through various studies, we can use Aspirin in low dosage as a blood thinner. It is useful for reducing the risk of stroke in patients with cardiovascular disease.
Insulin is an important medicine that is still used today. This discovery of insulin is an important finding because this discovery is useful for controlling blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes mellitus, especially type 1. Before the discovery of insulin, diabetes mellitus patients will be forced to fast until starvation to control their blood sugar levels. Frederick Banting and Charles Best were the first persons who discovered the first insulin. Giving insulin has been shown to reduce blood sugar levels in diabetes mellitus patients.
After a series of studies, insulin can finally be created using recombinant DNA technology. Insulin was the first human hormone to be successfully synthesized.